Karl Heinrich Marx
1.75 m or 5feet 9inches
Karl Marx was a revolutionary philosopher and thinker whose writing form the basis of modern communism. Born in Trier in modern day Western Germany, Karl Heinrich Marx was the son of a Jewish lawyer. Little is known about Marx’s early life, but he first entered university to study law at the University of Bonn, but was later moved to the University of Berlin by his father due to his poor grades.
He received his doctorate in philosophy from the University of Jena. In 1843, Marx married his wife Jenny, and the young couple moved to Paris where Marx began writing for a radical newspaper, and met with the famous socialist Friedrich Engels. Marx was eventually expelled from France for his socialist views and opinions.
Marx then emigrated to Brussels where he and Engels published their most famous work, The Communist Manifesto in 1848, laying out the beliefs of the Communist League in public for the first time. Forced to flee once again after allegedly financing a revolution in Belgium, Marx lived briefly in Paris and Cologne, and moved to London in 1849 where he would remain until his death.
Marx lived in poverty at first in London, and then began writing again, culminating in the publication of his most important work, Das Kapital, known as the bible of the working classes. Further volumes of this were published posthumously by Engels after Marx’s death. Marx’s wife died in 1881, and his health declined following this, he died in 1883, and was buried in Highgate Cemetery in London.
His theories known as Marxism heavily influenced socialist thinking in the 20th Century, leading to the adoption of Socialism in the Soviet Union and China, and directly influenced Leninism, Stalinism, Trotskyism and Maoism. He’s been described as one of the most influential figures in human history.