Sir Isaac Newton

1.68 m or 5feet 6inches

Sir Isaac Newton was an English Physicist and Mathematician well renowned for his expertise in Astronomy, Natural philosophy, Alchemy and theology. Much of classical mechanics or the set of physical laws describing the motion of bodies under force are laid out in Newton’s Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy published in 1687.

Newton’s three laws of motion are perhaps the most well known of his works, and site the following. The first law or The Law of Inertia states that an object at rest will remain at rest and an object in motion will remain in motion unless acted upon by an unbalanced force. The second law states that acceleration is produced when an external force acts on a mass.

Newton’s third law of motion states that for every action there is an equal and opposite reaction. Newton invented the first reflecting telescope and devised a theory of color. The theory was based on the observation that a prism breaks down white light into many visible colours. Newton is attributed with the development of Differential and Integral Calculus, as well as the Generalized Binomial Theorem.

He also developed a method for approximating the roots of a mathematical function. A highly religious man, much of Newton’s writings consist of biblical and occult studies. Sir Isaac Newton is considered by many to have one of the greatest scientific minds in our history, and he is buried in Westminster Abbey.