1.75 m or 5feet 9inches
Death Date: April 17, 1790
Benjamin Franklin was a States man, diplomat, writer, scientist and inventor. He was one of the founding fathers of United States of America. Born in Boston, Massachusetts in 1706, Franklin briefly attended school, but left at the age of 10 to work for his father, who was a candle and soap maker. At the age of 12, he became an apprentice to his brother who was a printer.
Franklin then began writing letters anonymously, to his brothers newspaper under the student name of Mrs. Silence Dogood. The brothers quarreled and Benjamin ran away to Philadelphia in 1723. He found various jobs in the printing industry, and after a few months in Philadelphia, he moved to London. After 18 months in London, he returned to Philadelphia and established himself as a printer.
He bought the Pennsylvania gazette which he added to himself, which went on to become on of the America’s colonies major newspapers. He also published Poor Richard’s Almanack. A collection of proverbs and sayings that proved very popular at the time. Franklin was a prolific inventor who never patented his inventions, believing that inventions should be free to all as an opportunity to help others.
He invented the lightening rod, the Franklin stove bifocal glasses and also demonstrated that lighting and electricity are the same using his famous kite experiment, as well as various other scientific discoveries including early theories of refrigeration and the discovery of the Gold stream current between the USA and Britain.
Franklin was also active in politics and was the clock of the Pennsylvania assembly as well as a member of the assembly, and then deputy Post Master for the colonies, making the postal service more efficient and profitable. He also founded the American Philosophical society, and an academy which later became the University of Pennsylvania.
Franklin lived in London from 1757 – 1774 as the colonial representative The Pennsylvanian, New Jersey, Georgia and Massachusetts. He tried in vain to reconcile the colonies under British government, but the American war of Independence broke out and Franklin returned to America and became involved in the struggle for independence.
In June 1776 he was appointed to the Committee of Five that drafted the Declaration of Independence and was also one of the signatories of the document. Franklin was then made ambassador to France, and helped to negotiate the Franco-American alliance, which provided military cooperation against the British.
In 1783, Franklin signed the treaty of Paris effectively ending the American war of independence. He returned to America, and became involved in politics again, and was involved in the writing of the constitution and was also a signatory in this document. He died on April 17th 1790 at the age of 84, and around 20, 000 people attended his funeral.