Alexander the Great
1.70 m or 5feet 7inches
Death Date: June 323 BC
Alexander the Great was the King of Macedon, and was undefeated in battle and acknowledged as a military genius. Alexander of Macedon was born in Pella, the capital of the Ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon to King Philip II and his fourth wife Olympias. Alexander was raised in the traditional Macedonian way, learning to read, ride horses, to fight, and to hunt.
At the age of 13, King Philip appointed Aristotle as Alexander’s tutor, teaching him medicine, philosophy, logic, and morals. At the age of 16, Alexander was made regent while his father went to war, and in 336 BC, King Philip was assassinated by his head body guard, and Alexander was made King by the noblemen and the Army of Macedon.
Alexander began his reign by eliminating all rivals to his throne, and his mother Olympias ensured that no question remained over Alexander’s claim to the throne, by having King Philip’s youngest wife Eurydice and her daughter burnt alive. After Phillip died much of Macedon revolted, so Alexander quickly responded using diplomatic methods wherever possible, and reasserted Macedon in control over the provinces.
Alexander then set out to conquer the Persian Empire, and against huge odds he led his armies to victories in Asia Minor, Syracuse, and Egypt without loosing a single battle. He took Mesopotamia in modern day Iraq at the battle of Gaugamela, and captured Babylon in 331 BC. He was now the Leader of the Greeks, overlord of Asia Minor, Pharaoh of Egypt, and King of Persia, he was just 25 years old.
Trade flourished under his rule, and he united the empire with Greek language and culture, and he personally adopted foreign customs in order to rule his vast empire effectively. Alexander died in Babylon in 323 BC, aged 32. At the time of his death, his empire spanned three continents, from Greece in the West, East to the Indian Punjab, North to the Danube, and South to Egypt, and covered 2 million square miles.